All Skill Building, Picking Up Stitches, Skill Building, Techniques, Tips and Tricks

Perfectly Picked Up Stitches

Many knitting patterns have you pick up a specific number of stitches for button bands or other edges/facings. This is both a generous gift from the designer – they’ve done all of those pesky calculations for you! – but also leaves the potential for a wonky button band if you did not get both the exact stitch and row gauge in your swatch.

If you have achieved both row and stitch gauge as specified in the pattern, and it gives a specific number of stitches to pick up, and you have followed the pattern exactly, lucky you! You may pick up the stitches as specified and continue with your band. Many times, though, this is not the case. If you have a different row gauge or different garment length than written in the pattern, you will need to sort out the correct number of stitches to cast on for your specific project.

To Begin: Calculations

In order to determine the correct ratio of stitches to pick up along a line of rows, you need to know two things: your blocked stitch gauge and your blocked row gauge. I emphasize the “your” here, because there is no point in using the gauge as given in the pattern, as, for a variety of reasons, one or the other may not be accurate.

In my swatch, my stitch gauge is 20 sts per 4″ (or 5 sts per 1″), and my row gauge is 26 rows per 4″ (or 6.5 rows per 1″). In order to evenly pick up stitches along the edge of the swatch – as if I was picking up stitches for a button band along the edge of the front of a cardigan – I need to pick up 20 stitches for every 26 rows of knitting.

It is best to get this fraction, 20/26, down to the smallest numbers possible, which is 10/13. I usually like working with even smaller numbers, though, and want just a 1 number difference between my numerator and denominator, so I’ll break it down even further, to 3/4 + 3/4 + 4/5.

Once you have determined the proper fractions to use, you’ll need to pick up your stitches.

With the right side of your working fabric facing you, insert your needle into the fabric from front to back, wrap your working yarn around the needle as if to knit, and pull it through the fabric.

Important: Make sure you are working along a straight vertical line of stitches, in-between a column of “Vs”, not in the middle of a stitch.

Part 1 / Now that I know these three fractions, I will (pick up 3 stitches for every 4 rows twice, then 4 stitches for every 5 rows once), then repeat this along the full length of my band.

Part 2 / Pick up and knit 3 sts for every 4 rows a second time.

Part 3/  Pick up and knit 4 sts for every 5 rows. 

Because I have picked up the correct amount of stitches to occupy 4″ of length, once complete, my button band will lie perfectly flat!

Here are a few other potential examples, and their ratios:
A: 20 stitches and 25 rows / 4″
20/25 can be reduced down to 4/5.
• Pick up 4 stitches for every 5 rows along entire length

B: 18 stitches and 21 rows / 4″
18/21 can be reduced down to 6/7.
• Pick up 6 stitches for every 7 rows along entire length

What if you don’t end up with a nice fraction?
C: 17 stitches and 20 rows / 4″
17/20 cannot be reduced further, so you will need to break it down into smaller fractions as I did in my sample. First divide the numerator into 3 parts: 5, 6, 6. Then, break down the denominator into 3 parts: 6, 7, 7. This makes 3 nice fractions of 5/6, 6/7, and 6/7.
• *Pick up 5 stitches for every 6 rows once, then 6 stitches for every 7 rows twice; repeat from * along the full length of band.

And that’s it! Just a little bit of basic arithmetic, and you’re well on your way to a perfectly picked up button band that lays flat and looks great every time.

10 thoughts on “Perfectly Picked Up Stitches

  1. Alina says:

    Thank you for a very clear tutorial!

    1. Kelbourne Woolens says:

      You’re welcome! Glad you enjoyed it.

  2. tyna meers says:

    This was terrific! Thank you for the clear pictures and editorial. At some point in the future I would love to learn how to knit a button band for a cardigan and sew it on to the finished sweater; might be more than room allows on a blog post!
    Thanks again for a wonderful site, I do so enjoy checking in each morning!

  3. June says:

    Button bands are usually done on smaller needles. How does this affect the final result.

    1. The smaller needles are usually to obtain a gauge that more closely matches the main fabric, as most people knit ribbing more loosely. If your stitch gauge is vastly different on the stitch pattern you are using for the band, you will us that stitch count together with the row gauge of the fabric you are picking up from.

  4. Maxine says:

    You’re the best. Your clear and simple illustrations and instructions leaves no doubt or confusion as to how to execute the P/U 3 stitches every 4 rows. Working a project I’ve found instructions utterly unclear and confusing. How refreshing to have found YOU. THANKS SO MUCH.

  5. Pat Espo says:

    The math doesn’t make sense to me. How does 3/4 + 3/4 + 4/5 add up to 10/13? The same with the second example 5/6, 6/7, and 6/7 don’t add to 17/20. Am I thinking about this wrong?

    1. Hi there! The top number is the number of stitches that you pick up and the bottom number is the number of rows. So 3/4 is three stitches picked up for every 4 rows, 4/5 is 4 stitches for every 5 rows, etc. 3 + 3 + 4 = 10 stitches and 4 + 4 + 5 = 13 rows. For the second example, 5 + 6 + 6 = 17 stitches and 6 + 7 + 7 = 20 rows.

  6. Susan says:

    That was very clearly explained. Thank you.

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